“Some people grumble that roses have thorns. I am grateful that thorns have roses…” Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr
The rose is the queen of all flowers. It is a symbol of beauty and has inspired poets, painters, songwriters, and gardeners for hundreds of years. The rose is thought to be 35 million years old and was identified in literature in the 14th century. It was even used heavily in medieval times as medicine. And of course, roses have been given to wives and girlfriends since the beginning of time, as a gesture of great love, and sometimes even as an apology when he wasn’t so loving.
Growing roses doesn’t have to be a big challenge. They are not as fragile as they may seem. In fact, you could probably just stick a rose plant in a hole and it will grow. But if you take the time and extra care with your roses, you will have healthier blooms and exquisite colors and scents.
Here is what you need to know about roses
Where and How to Plant Roses
You should plant roses in an area that has full sun to partial shade. Most rose varieties thrive best in a spot that gets sun all day. No need to be worried about what kind of soil, but because they are heavy feeders, a rich loam is recommended. If you have poor soil or clay, you should plant them with several inches of organic matter. Make sure your soil has good drainage. Roses require regular watering, but if left to sit for days in drenched soil, their roots will rot.
Don’t crowd your rose plants. They need adequate air flow, which lessens the chances of them getting fungal diseases on their leaves. Rose plants should be planted in a hole about 15 to 18 inches deep, and 18 to 24 inches wide. Make a mound in the center of the hole, high enough so that when you place the rose bush on top, the knobby graft union is barely below the soil level. Once the plant settles, the graft union should be fully buried, about one inch under the ground. Then spread the roots down the sides of the mound and fill the hole back with soil, keeping the roots as spread out as you can. Gently pat down the soil, and water deeply. Finally, apply 1-2 inches of mulch.
Watering your roses should be done once a week. This will help the plants develop a strong root system. Feed your roses once they begin to leaf out in the spring, and after each flush of bloom, or about every six weeks throughout the growing season. Then stop feeding them about 6 weeks before your first frost is expected, but continue watering them. Once your roses are in full bloom, pruning is necessary.